- A revenue based program, or a hybrid one, i.e. revenue + distance based
- Much more difficult for elites to get free upgrades as airlines look for creative ways to up sell premium seats.
- Devaluation: One will likely need more miles for an award seat.
In the past, all airlines have rewarded their customers with miles based on the distance that they fly. Airlines have learned that this design is not profitable because distance bears no relation to cost.
Delta Air Lines, United Airlines, JetBlue, and Virgin America focus on revenue:
United Airlines and Delta Air Lines have followed the success of JetBlue's and Virgin America's program models. They all rely on the price of your ticket to determine the number of miles earned.
Customers with no elite status will only earn 5 miles per dollar, so a 3,000-mile, round-trip flight will earn only 1,500 miles, a whopping 50% reduction for you, but a 100% savings for the airlines, if you bought the ticket for $300.
Minimum spend requirements for elite status were also imposed. Starting at $3,000 for the basic silver status and going as high as $15,000 for the top tier, airlines are not giving away the elite statuses freely. Travelers may find it better to give up on status altogether and just apply for an airline credit card that will waive the minimum spend requirements for elite status by meeting the credit card spend threshold. For instance, by spending $25,000 in a calendar year on an Amex Delta card will waive the minimum spend requirements for the elite status.
Alaska Airlines makes it better:
Alaska Airlines partner with American Airlines and Delta Air Lines, and many leading international carriers. The partnership has made Alaska’s Mileage Plan fairly attractive.
To reward its high-value customers, Alaska raised its tier bonus to 125 percent for MVP Gold 75K members. Alaska also raised the fare class bonuses for buying first-class, full-fare economy and some mid-priced economy fares. These bonuses are as high as 75 percent for flying in first-class, which is 25 percent more than Delta. However, customers could earn as few as 25 percent of the miles flown when they fly on Delta and credit to Alaska, or vice versa.
Miles do not go as far:
The common theme is travelers will find it takes longer to earn a free flight. Overall, an award flight requires more miles and can be hard to find if a route is super popular.
Delta even no longer publishes its award chart. Its redemption for a free flight is fully market driven. If a route is popular and the demand is high, an award flight can be had by using lots and lots more miles.
It can only get worse from here.